It’s a fact of life—we don’t just need water to survive; we need clean water. Sadly, sources of freshwater are threatened because of exploitation and the changes happening in the environment. Water contamination is something that we can’t easily wish away. Scientists say that part of it is caused by human activities, and this phenomenon has long-term consequences.
This article explores the causes and effects of water contamination. Read on to learn more.
Causes of Contamination
Many sources of potable water now contain heavy metals, bacteria and other carbon-based pollutants. This especially holds true for water systems in urban areas.
In rural areas, water sources become adulterated with pesticides. Farms, backyards and orchards that don’t use an efficient drainage system cause pesticide runoff to flow into streams of potable water. The same principle also applies to dairies that don’t handle the animals’ waste well.
In urban areas, the common culprits include the sewage systems that are not adequately treated. Sewage contains pathogens, which may cause different illnesses. Manufacturing plants that don’t use effective and streamlined waste flow system run the risk of leading synthetic organics and acids to bodies of clean water. Water may also get contaminated if you choose the wrong piping material. For instance, lead pipes contain chemicals that may degrade the quality of water and make it unsafe to use.
The effects of contaminated water are well documented over the years. Outbreaks of cholera, typhoid and diarrhoea happened in the past because of dirty water.
The effects of using contaminated water can be immediate. But, there are some that only become obvious after some years. Generally, contaminated water causes gastrointestinal and stomach distresses or illnesses, indicated by nausea, cramps, diarrhoea, and cramps.
These are only some of the things you need to know about water contamination. It’s important that you invest in water filtration system or any equipment that will ensure water safety. Browse our website or contact us today to find out how we can help you.